Chapter

Charles S. Peirce

Torjus Midtgarden

in Categories of Being

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199890576
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199980031 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890576.003.0009
Charles S. Peirce

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This chapter considers Charles S. Peirce's architectonic plan for constructing philosophical systems and how it bears on his view of the relation between logic and metaphysics. The chapter asks whether Peirce can be said to belong to the modeltheoretical tradition, as Jaakko Hintikka has proposed, rather than to the tradition viewing logical language as a universal medium. Several facts seem to contradict a positive answer: firstly, Peirce developed sign typological distinctions assumed to be valid across natural languages and across the distinction between natural and formal languages. Secondly, the mature Peirce assumed a universal domain of objects to which all propositions refer. The author investigates how Peirce's architectonic plan establishes a unilateral dependence of metaphysics on logic. The chapter considers Peirce's semiotical analysis and how it motivates an ontological theory of facts. The chapter shows that the distinction discussed is not well suited to capture Peirce's understanding of the relation between logic and metaphysics.

Keywords: Charles Peirce; propositions; universal domain of objects; facts; typological distinctions; logic; metaphysics; architectonics

Chapter.  12040 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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