Mashshouda and Archive 3

Giovanni R. Ruffini

in Medieval Nubia

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199891634
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199980048 | DOI:
Mashshouda and Archive 3

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  • Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)


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This chapter provides a detailed analysis of the texts and people of Archive 3, the collection of published Old Nubian documents from Qasr Ibrim. It describes the earlier argument assigning ownership of this archive (and thus ownership of the house in which it was found) to the high-ranking official Adama the eparch. It provides an alternative interpretation, in which Mashshouda the choiak-eikshil is the most central figure in the archive. Mashshouda dominates the social networks present in the Old Nubian land sales and letters, all of which form a tightly interconnected group representing Qasr Ibrim’s social elite. Mashshouda’s title, choiak-eikshil, is not understood, but a discussion of other Nubians who held this title concludes with speculation that the choiak-eikshil was an official responsible for holding a public festival in the month of Choiak, which in a Christian context would have been the Nubian Christmas.

Keywords: Adama the eparch; Mashshouda the choiak-eikshil; social networks; Choiak festival; archival practices

Chapter.  11719 words. 

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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