Chapter

Introduction

Gustavo Flores-Macías

in After Neoliberalism?

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199891658
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933402 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891658.003.0001
Introduction

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Chapter 1 discusses the book’s relevance and novelty regarding its contributions to three main topics: the left, economic reforms, and party systems. It also provides an overview of the arrival of the left to power in Latin America at the turn of the 21st century amid the dominance of market orthodoxy as the prevailing economic paradigm. It discusses the reasons why the rise of the left seemed extremely unlikely—from the threat of military intervention to the disrepute of import-substitution industrialization (ISI)—as well as the domestic and international changes—including people’s habituation to democracy, the collapse of the Soviet Union, and the United States’ democracy promotion abroad—that allowed for a succession of electoral victories that seemed impossible only a decade earlier. Additionally, key concepts used throughout the book are defined, including the left, pro-market reforms, and statist reforms.

Keywords: definition of the left; leftist candidates; neoliberalism; market orthodoxy; import-substitution industrialization (ISI); left’s electoral victories; Soviet Union; United States; pro-market reforms; statist reforms

Chapter.  7945 words. 

Subjects: Political Economy

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