Chapter

Internal Valuation Within Political Organizations

Kristin Kanthak and George A. Krause

in The Diversity Paradox

Published in print June 2012 | ISBN: 9780199891726
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199933433 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891726.003.0002
Internal Valuation Within Political Organizations

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This chapter focuses on the conventional wisdom that the Democratic party is more supportive of women than the Republican party. Rosabeth Moss Kanter’s conception of tokenism would indicate that the opposite would be true, since the Republican party has fewer women members than do the Democrats. Because Republican women are a smaller (i.e. a token) group, they are singled out for better treatment, whereas the larger proportion of Democratic women represents a threat to their male copartisans. The chapter implements double-hurdle regression models (a generalization of the Tobit model that allows coefficients from the first and second stage to vary) to find evidence that, indeed, Republican women receive better treatment from their male copartisans than do Democratic women, as the tokenism theory predicts. Yet contrary to the predictions of tokenism, Democratic women also receive worse treatment from their female copartisans, a puzzle we explore further in future chapters.

Keywords: political parties; Democratic Party; Republican Party; partisan tokenism; Rosabeth Moss Kanter; U.S. House of Representatives; representation; minority groups; women; double-hurdle regression model

Chapter.  12395 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: US Politics

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