Chapter

Oppressions

Sally Haslanger

in Resisting Reality

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199892631
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980055 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892631.003.0011
Oppressions

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If one adopts an account of oppression according to which bad intentions, or hatred on the part of the oppressor is not necessary—if, in fact, no mental state on the part of the privileged group is necessary because oppression is structural—then it is unclear how to distinguish forms of oppression that are coextensive, or nearly so, such as race and class (in the contemporary United States). What distinguishes racial oppression from class oppression if they occur together? This chapter argues, drawing on Dorothy Roberts' work on child protective services in Chicago, that there are causal and historical factors that distinguish the structures that target race and the structures that target class. So, roughly, a structure racially oppresses in a context only if one's race non-accidentally correlates with a systematic disadvantage in that context.

Keywords: oppression; structure; racism; race; class; discrimination; history; disparate impact; Jorge L. A. Garcia; gender; feminism

Chapter.  13226 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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