The Scientific Cosmists

George M. Young

in The Russian Cosmists

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199892945
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950577 | DOI:
The Scientific Cosmists

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This chapter discusses four major Russian scientists and their relationship to Fedorov and Cosmism: Vladimir Vernadsky, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Alexander Chizhevsky, and Vasily Kuprevich. Vernadsky’s theory of the noosphere, an emerging sheath of human thought surrounding the biosphere, is a key concept for subsequent Cosmist speculation. Tsiolkovsky, the grandfather of the Russian space program and an icon of Cosmism, was mentored as a teenager by Fedorov. Chizhevsky, who speculated that cosmic energies significantly affect the course of human history, was mentored by Tsiolkovsky. Kuprevich examined life spans in the natural world and seconded Fedorov’s contention that death is not inevitable, and that human immortality will soon become a reality.

Keywords: Vladimir Vernadsky; Konstantin Tsiolkovsky; Alexander Chizhevsky; Vasily Kuprevich; noosphere; Russian space program; cosmic influence on human behavior; indefinite human life span

Chapter.  13416 words. 

Subjects: Religious Studies

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