Definitions and Debates

Barbara Jo Fidler, Nicholas Bala and Michael A. Saini

in Children Who Resist PostSeparation Parental Contact

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780199895496
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199980086 | DOI:

Series: American Psychology-Law Society

Definitions and Debates

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  • Criminal and Forensic Psychology


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This chapter provides an overview of the historical context relating to alienation, beginning with Richard Gardner's introduction of parental alienation syndrome, followed by a discussion of Kelly and Johnston's reformulated model and further developments in the field. Next, it discusses the need for differentiating alienation from other types of parent-child contact problems, including justified rejection, and the challenges in making this distinction. It concludes by discussing the current debate about whether alienation is a diagnosis or “syndrome”.

Keywords: historical context; parental alienation syndrome; parent-child contact; justified rejection

Chapter.  16994 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Criminal and Forensic Psychology

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