Chapter

The Ratio View

Shelly Kagan

in The Geometry of Desert

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199895595
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980093 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895595.003.0007
The Ratio View

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This chapter introduces the ratio view, the most widely accepted candidate for the comparative principle. The ratio view states that the comparative desert is achieved as long as two person’s levels of well-being stand to one another in the relevant ratio. It identifies the problems with the ratio view and addresses the abstract question of how “optimistic” a person should be with regards to the possibility of satisfying comparative desert. This chapter also studies the impossibility defense approach and the concept of absolute zero.

Keywords: ratio view; comparative principle; comparative desert; levels of well-being; optimism; impossibility defense approach; absolute zero

Chapter.  19604 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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