Chapter

Justifications for Killing Noncombatants in War

F. M. Kamm

in The Moral Target

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780199897520
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199950249 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199897520.003.0002

Series: Oxford Ethics Series

Justifications for Killing Noncombatants in War

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This chapter indicates several basic justifications for killing noncombatants in war, as well as some problems connected to these justifications. It studies the implications of applying an alternative general moral theory of permissible harming of innocents during war. It also introduces the Doctrine of Double Effect (DDE), which is used to distinguish morally between bombing military targets with the certainty that civilians will be killed as a side effect and terror bombing civilians during wartime. This chapter also considers how the criticisms and revisions of the DDE bear on related cases in the morality of war.

Keywords: justifications; killing noncombatants; alternative general moral theory; permissible harming; Doctrine of Double Effect; morality of war

Chapter.  7023 words. 

Subjects: Moral Philosophy

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