Chapter

Distinctions and Convergences

Prudence L. Carter

in Stubborn Roots

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780199899630
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199951147 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899630.003.0002
Distinctions and Convergences

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This chapter offers a brief social history of the development of racial inequality, as well as an overview of how school desegregation emerged in the United States and South Africa. It argues that both of these sharply unequal societies have committed to some ideal of integrated education as a means either to societal transformation or to the social advancement of groups historically excluded because of racial separatism. The United States continues to face the challenge of equalizing educational outcomes more than fifty years after the landmark Brown v. Board of Education decision. Similarly, South Africa, a relatively new democracy, faces the challenges of schooling diverse groups of students nearly two decades after apartheid's demise. This chapter highlights cross-national similarities and differences in educational policies and practices regarding school desegregation or mixed race schooling.

Keywords: cross-national study; desegregation; U.S. history; racial inequality; schools; South African history

Chapter.  6230 words. 

Subjects: Sociology

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