Chapter

An Introduction to a Critical History of Psychology in Education

Jack Martin and Ann-Marie McLellan

in The Education of Selves

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780199913671
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199315949 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913671.003.0001
An Introduction to a Critical History of Psychology in Education

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This chapter sets the stage for the ways in which disciplinary psychology transformed students during the last half of the twentieth century. The traditional approach to psychological science is briefly discussed. A critical history of psychology then is presented. The “psy” hypothesis, suggested initially by Foucault but elaborated within psychology and education by others (e.g. Rose, Popkewitz) is the assertion that the psy disciplines (disciplinary psychology in particular) are powerful practices or technologies of the self that, in Western societies, have shaped our experience of ourselves as free, self-governing, self-powering, and self-realized individuals. It is argued that psychological conceptions, categories, and practices of selfhood have contributed to the development of students as radically autonomous individuals more attuned to their own self-interest than to responsible community participation.

Keywords: critical history; psychological science; psy hypothesis; technologies of self; self-governing; self-interest; foucault; rose; popkewitz

Chapter.  8579 words. 

Subjects: Social Psychology

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