Chapter

Understanding Yourself

Jack Martin and Ann-Marie McLellan

in The Education of Selves

Published in print February 2013 | ISBN: 9780199913671
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199315949 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913671.003.0005
Understanding Yourself

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This chapter presents a historical and critical examination of self-concept in psychological and educational inquiry and practice. Self-concept researchers (e.g. Pajares, Schunk, Shavelson) have recognized definitional and conceptual difficulties related to self-concept inquiry and several leading researchers have proposed more advanced statistical procedures and measures of self-concept. A critical historical examination suggests deeper problems concerning the ontological status of the self-concept. In particular, the view that the self-concept is a set of cognitive schemata, systems, and subsystems assumes an untenable interior homunculus. This chapter concludes with a critique of the self as an interior psychological entity. A more viable alternative is proposed that highlights the understanding and evaluation of oneself as these abilities emerge through interpersonal interactions within sociocultural practices.

Keywords: self-concept,cognitive schemata; homunculus; interpersonal interactions; sociocultural practices; pajares; schunk; shavelson

Chapter.  11394 words. 

Subjects: Social Psychology

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