Conclusion: Looking Forward

Zayde Antrim

in Routes and Realms

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199913879
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980178 | DOI:
Conclusion: Looking Forward

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This chapter glances at the future. The twelfth century marked an intensification and localization of the production of texts in the discourse of place that would continue for hundreds of years. Despite their increasing diversity of languages and orientation toward local concerns, these texts generally maintained a sense of the connectivity and universalism communicated by the early discourse of place. This chapter concludes by considering ideologies of territorial nationalism in the modern Middle East. It suggests that these ideologies transformed the categories of belonging established in the discourse of place into more exclusive, and exclusionary, identities. While nationalist movements were defined by the experience of European colonialism and changes in the way texts were produced, circulated, and consumed, they were also new chapters in a long history of the power of the geographical imagination to motivate, shape, and justify political and religious claims in the Middle East.

Keywords: modern; discourse of place; texts; nationalism; Middle East; European colonialism

Chapter.  2555 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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