Risk and Protective Factors in the Assessment of School Bullies and Victims

Maria M. Ttofi and Peter K. Smith

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199917938
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950430 | DOI:
Risk and Protective Factors in the Assessment of School Bullies and Victims

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This chapter reviews a range of risk and protective factors relevant to school bullies and victims. Building on the work by David Farrington and others, it stresses the replicated efficacy of bullying prevention studies. It shows that whereas earlier studies have focused on the impact of bullying on externalizing behaviors, studies also document the impact on internalizing problems. It make a case that longitudinal studies should better examine risk and protective factors related to individuals’ careers in school bullying. In addition, it is argued that future intervention studies focusing on bullying should not just see the removal of risk factors as a central management strategy, but that prevention and intervention programs should include the enhancement of protective factors.

Keywords: school bullies; bullying; risk factors; protective factors; prevention

Chapter.  2558 words. 

Subjects: Criminal Law

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