Evaluating Confidence in Our Memories

Elizabeth F. Chua

in Memory and Law

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199920754
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199950133 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Series in Neuroscience, Law, and Philosophy

Evaluating Confidence in Our Memories

Show Summary Details


Recognition confidence is a common metric used to assess the accuracy of eyewitness identifications. Consequently, it is critical that we understand what information individuals use to make confidence judgments about their memory. Drawing on research in the field of metamemory (i.e., knowledge of one’s own memory), this chapter examines findings from the behavioral, eye tracking, and neuroimaging literature to determine what factors influence subjective memory confidence, and their relationship to objective accuracy. Critically, confidence judgments may be based on factors other than direct retrieval of the original event, such as familiarity or fluency of the cue that serves to elicit the sought after memory. The chapter also evaluates the potential for techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and eye tracking in distinguishing highly confident accurate and highly confident inaccurate memory.

Keywords: recognition; confidence; metamemory; fMRI; eye tracking

Chapter.  10301 words. 

Subjects: Neuropsychology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.