Chapter

West European Deployment Begins

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Flood

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199921553
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980406 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921553.003.0003
West European Deployment Begins

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Western Europe was an early adopter of computers, beginning during World War II. This chapter explains the adoption and role of computing in Great Britain, France and West Germany from the 1940s to the dawn of the twenty-first century, explaining the active role played by national governments and the local information processing industries in the process. It provides new data on the amount of diffusion and its causes, relying on IBM’s corporate archives. It explains why these countries failed to lead in the IT expansion around the world, failed “national champion” programs and the effects of scale economics and public policy. It concludes with a description of how these European societies viewed the coming of a teledense society.

Keywords: Great Britain; France; West Germany; National champions; information technologies; IBM; diffusion; DeGaule; information society; manufacturing; Wave One

Chapter.  26634 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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