Chapter

Limits of Diffusion

James W. Cortada

in The Digital Flood

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780199921553
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980406 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199921553.003.0006
Limits of Diffusion

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This chapter reviews the arrival, adoption and use of computers in Communist Europe of the 1950s through the 1980s and includes a discussion of post Communist computing in the region into the 2000s. It discusses Soviet-style management of the economy and technology and provides a detailed analysis of developments in Russia, East Germany, Poland and other Comecon countries. Unlike Western Europe where computing spread rapidly and was widely used, diffusion was slower and less effective in command-controlled economies. This chapter provides detailed information about applications, volumes of machines installed, and public policies intended to facilitate diffusion of technologies.

Keywords: Eastern Europe; Comecon; Soviet Union; Russia; Cold War; East Germany; German Democratic Republic; information technologies; computers; Poland; Rumania

Chapter.  33376 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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