Chapter

The Role of the Health Sector in Early Childhood Development

Patrice L. Engle, Mary E. Young and Giorgio Tamburlini

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199922994
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980420 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0009
The Role of the Health Sector in Early Childhood Development

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The health sector plays a critical role in early childhood development (ECD), defined by the global goals of supporting child well-being, reaching the youngest children, and advancing other goals of the health sector. This chapter outlines actions that should be taken by the health sector for all children’s development (promotive care), children at developmental risk (preventative care), and children with special needs (curative care), both overall and differentially by child age, and it presents evidence for their effectiveness. Finally, the paper describes actions to be taken by governments and civil society to scale up interventions in the health sector to promote ECD and presents case studies from Jamaica, China, and Brazil. These actions include not only accepting global goals for ECD, but also appropriate government actions; training and capacity development; sector linkages; national and local collaboration (including support of local issues and demands); and monitoring, evaluation, and research.

Keywords: health services for early childhood development; health promotion for ecd; global health and development; intervention for special-needs children

Chapter.  7835 words. 

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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