Chapter

Paradigm Shifts and New Directions in Research on Early Childhood Development Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Hirokazu Yoshikawa and Ana María Nieto

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199922994
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980420 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0026
Paradigm Shifts and New Directions in Research on Early Childhood Development Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

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This chapter identifies emerging paradigm shifts for research that can address the next generation of practice and policy questions in early childhood development (ECD) in low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries. We discuss new developments in approaches to considering equity; quality and its improvement; the multisectoral nature of ECD programs and policies; and the development of research capacity. In each section, we identify underlying tensions and challenges in the global ECD context, paying particular attention to issues of inequity, social exclusion, and cultural diversity, and we highlight innovative directions and initiatives. We conclude that the promise of expanding both knowledge bases and programs and policies in ECD across LAMI countries requires new approaches to examining patterns of inclusion, exclusion, and cultural specificity, as well as partnerships among researchers, practitioners, caregivers, community members, and policymakers.

Keywords: early childhood development (ECD) programs and policies; low- and middle-income (Lami) countries; equity; quality; social exclusion; participatory approaches; cultural diversity

Chapter.  6542 words. 

Subjects: Developmental Psychology

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