Chapter

Opportunities for Young People

Magdi Amin, Ragui Assaad, Nazar al-Baharna, Kemal Derviş, Raj M. Desai, Navtej S. Dhillon, Ahmed Galal, Hafez Ghanem, Carol Graham, Daniel Kaufmann, Homi Kharas, John Page, Djavad Salehi-Isfahani, Katherine Sierra and Tarik M. Yousef

in After the Spring

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780199924929
Published online May 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199949427 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199924929.003.0003
Opportunities for Young People

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The demographics of Arab countries mean that reform is a generational challenge. The share of youth to total population in Arab countries is unprecedented, and the economic and social costs of their current predicament are enormous-joblessness, late marriage, a lack of work experience, delayed household formation, and a loss of self-respect are symptoms of the crisis. Most economic reforms have grandfathered social protections to older citizens already receiving benefits. Despite extensive resources being spent on education, student performance in the Arab world is poor by international standards. A youth-oriented strategy ultimately depends on a major overhaul of the education system toward one that provides market-relevant skills, and reforms that reduce the burden of economic adjustment borne by youth.

Keywords: demographics; youth; social protection; education; household formation; skills; economic adjustment

Chapter.  7116 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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