Chapter

The Contextual Theology of Gülen

M. Hakan Yavuz

in Toward an Islamic Enlightenment

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199927999
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980543 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927999.003.0003
The Contextual Theology of Gülen

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This chapter presents Gülen's system of ideas as a “contextual theology” by examining the dialectical relationship between the interpretations of the Qur'an and socioeconomic and political transformations. By comparing Gülen's theology with Paul Tillich's, the chapter shows how sociopolitical conditions inform Gülen's exegesis of critical Islamic dogmas and practices. Gülen's ideas are framed as an attempt at an Islamic reformation and enlightenment, since he stresses the centrality of reason, tolerance, and the public sphere in striving for the ideal society and understanding of faith. Gülen develops his own understanding of democracy, secularism, modernity, memory, and politics on the basis of his own further development of the thought and teaching of Said Nursi.

Keywords: Contextual theology; Paul Tillich; religious enlightenment; reason vs. revelation; crisis of morality; community; the good life; memory; identity; social conservatism; modernity; democracy

Chapter.  9354 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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