Chapter

The Structure of the Movement

M. Hakan Yavuz

in Toward an Islamic Enlightenment

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199927999
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980543 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927999.003.0004
The Structure of the Movement

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This chapter examines the leadership, followers, networks, and institutions of the Gülen movement. It explains why people join the movement and how the movement, in turn, shapes its followers and projects its power and influence over broader society. Although this is not a top-down movement in which the leader is not involved in day-to-day decisions, the chapter examines how the movement “works” and maintains a certain sense of discipline and uniformity at the personal and group levels through its own code of conduct and shared cognitive map of faith and action. By deciphering two critical concepts of the movement (hizmet and himmet), the chapter explains why the movement has been appealing to many in Turkey's bourgeoning middle class.

Keywords: religious authority; intellectual vs. religious scholar; Hocaefendi; master; hizmet; himmet; ihlas; social capital; elder brothers; abiler

Chapter.  9709 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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