Chapter

Secularism and Science

M. Hakan Yavuz

in Toward an Islamic Enlightenment

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199927999
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980543 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927999.003.0008
Secularism and Science

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This chapter explores the historically situated positions of the secularist intellectuals in the late Ottoman period and the early Republican era. They insisted that the economic and social backwardness of Muslim societies were the outcome of Islam and Islamic institutions. Thus, they offered a radical secular solution based on the verities of logical positivism and science. This dichotomy between sciences versus religion provided the philosophical basis for modern Jacobin movements. In reaction to this approach, the Gülen movement tried to demonstrate that Islam is not incompatible with science and economic development.

Keywords: science; religion; Jacobinism; positivism; the Young Ottomans; Besir Fuat; Baha Tevfik; Islamization of science

Chapter.  9402 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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