The Clash of Political Visions

M. Hakan Yavuz

in Toward an Islamic Enlightenment

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199927999
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980543 | DOI:
The Clash of Political Visions

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This chapter examines the vexed relations between the Turkish state and the Gülen movement. The main critics of the movement have been the Kemalist guardians of the old authoritarian-secular order. The chapter starts with the historical origins of the Kemalist negative attitude toward Islam and its secular outlook. There are several ideological reasons why the Kemalist establishment sought to criminalize the movement as an anti-secular, authoritarian, and divisive force. Not only the military but also certain sectors of the government are also critical of the Gülen movement's deepening involvement in political processes, including the judiciary. In fact, there are major areas of confrontation between the movement and the state establishment over identity, the role of religion in the public sphere, the definition of national community, and the increasing role of the new Anatolian bourgeoisie.

Keywords: military; deep-state; the Balkan wars; Kemalism; Cold War; Turgut Özal; irtica; reactionism; securitization; the Ergenekon Affairs

Chapter.  10621 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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