Chapter

The Critics of the Movement

M. Hakan Yavuz

in Toward an Islamic Enlightenment

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199927999
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980543 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199927999.003.0011
The Critics of the Movement

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This chapter will examine why and how diverse groups are challenging both the discourse and strategies of the Gülen movement. The main groups that criticize the project of the Gülen movement are the Kemalist and the secular leftist ones. After analyzing their moral and political criticism of the movement, the author examines the political conflict between the radicalizing Kurdish nationalism and the Gülen movement. The Gülen movement seeks to delegitimize Kurdish ethnic nationalism by stressing a common Islamic identity and solidarity as the most relevant layer of national identity in Turkey. The third group that criticizes the Islamization project of the Gülen movement is the Alevi community. The Alevis argue that the movement is sectarian and a threat to secularism, democracy, and pluralism in country. The last critical group is the traditional Islamists who accuse the movement of being too pro-American and too modernist, and of seeking to create an Islam that is void of authenticity.

Keywords: secularist-left; Kurds; Alevis; Haydar Bas; Ahmet Şık; Nedim Şener; The PKK; Hanefi Avcı

Chapter.  9573 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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