Local Rules: How Central Asian Regimes Survive

Alexander Cooley

in Great Games, Local Rules

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199929825
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950485 | DOI:
Local Rules: How Central Asian Regimes Survive

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Chapter 2 traces the origins of the Central Asian states’ patrimonial political systems and the “local rules” that structure their interactions with outside powers. It explores the Soviet origins of Central Asia’s patrimonial political arrangements and their restructured role during the independence era, and surveys the varieties of authoritarianism across the region. Central Asia’s local rules lead governments to conflate external and internal threats in the name of preserving their regimes; use state resources for private gain; and act as brokers between external actors and local constituents. In the 1990s these practices were masked by the external assumption that the Central Asian states were in transition, while in the 2000 rulers became more brazen about their patrimonial imperatives.

Keywords: patrimony; Soviet Union; authoritarianism; post-Communist transition; brokering

Chapter.  5919 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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