Chapter

The SCO and Beijing’s Great Leap Westward

Alexander Cooley

in Great Games, Local Rules

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199929825
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950485 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929825.003.0005
The SCO and Beijing’s Great Leap Westward

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Chapter 5 recounts China’s recent rise as a regional power in Central Asia. The chapter examines the origins, structure, and evolution of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and explores how it has become China’s preferred multilateral security forum to clamp down on Uighur separatism and nationalism under the mantra of fighting the three regional “evils”: terrorism, extremism, and separatism. Beijing has also tried to use the SCO to finance upgrades for regional infrastructure and for other areas of economic cooperation, though these areas are less advanced than in the security sphere. Finally, the chapter examines China’s successful oil and gas deals with Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, including the completion of two new pipelines that are now transporting Central Asian energy eastward. Quietly, but effectively, Beijing’s push into Central Asia already has dramatically reoriented the region towards the east.

Keywords: China; Shanghai Cooperation Organization; Uighurs; terrorism; extremism; separatism; oil; gas

Chapter.  8920 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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