Chapter

The Price of Access: Contracts and Corruption

Alexander Cooley

in Great Games, Local Rules

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780199929825
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780199950485 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199929825.003.0008
The Price of Access: Contracts and Corruption

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Chapter 8 examines the deteriorating levels of corruption in Central Asia and explores how outside actors have contributed to some of these practices. The chapter overviews alleged corruption scandals involving large U.S. and Chinese oil deals in Kazakhstan, including the so-called “Giffen Affair,” and the fuel deals for the Manas base in Kyrgyzstan. These cases demonstrate how these attempts to buy influence are embedded within broader transnational networks involving local elites, private companies, external governments, and the offshore sector; these networks provide Central Asian rulers with private benefits, while allowing foreign governments and companies to maintain plausible deniability when allegations of corruption surface.

Keywords: Kazakhstan; Manas air base; corruption; Giffen Affair; Kyrgyzstan; plausible deniability; private companies; local elites; offshore sector

Chapter.  6101 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Relations

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