A Shadow Bureaucracy

Sarah Reckhow

in Follow the Money

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199937738
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980734 | DOI:

Series: Studies in Postwar American Political Development

A Shadow Bureaucracy

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Foundations have amplified top-down coordination and rapid implementation of new policies in New York City. Using social network analysis, this chapter demonstrates that foundations are primarily allied with an elite network in New York City, including top district bureaucrats and education nonprofits; advocacy organizations and parent leaders are largely excluded. Furthermore, debates over issues such as school closures and reauthorization of mayoral control have hardened political divisions in the district.

Keywords: foundations; philanthropy; New York City; urban education; education reform; mayoral control; Gates Foundation; small schools; social network

Chapter.  13667 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: US Politics

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