Chapter

“No Salvation Outside Islam”

Mohammad Fadel

in Between Heaven and Hell

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199945399
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199980796 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945399.003.0002
“No Salvation Outside Islam”

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In chapter 2, Mohammad Fadel contends that the introduction of liberal democratic ideals in the Muslim world has fostered greater toleration of non-Muslims, both legally and soteriologically. Although medieval Muslim scholars often made it clear that those individuals who never received the message of Islam would be excused on Judgment Day, they generally deemed non-Muslims who merely encountered this message (in its true form) culpable if they rejected Islam for any reason. In contrast, some of the most prominent modern theologians—living in contexts greatly affected by liberal democratic ideals—advocate a more liberal standard for excusing non-Muslims, although not at the expense of Islamic supersessionism.

Keywords: Islam; Muslim; Sharia; Salvation; Rawls; Islamic theology; democracy; heaven; hell; Middle East

Chapter.  10785 words. 

Subjects: Islam

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