Reference Entry


in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World Sport

Third edition

Published by Berkshire Publishing Group

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9781933782676
Published online August 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780190622695

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Biotechnology, as applied to sports, refers to working with the human genome to influence sport performance. A genetic predisposition for sickle cell anemia, for example, can be life-threatening in combination with certain sports. Genetic testing is also being used to select individuals for particular sports, which creates ethical issues, particularly when children are involved. Gene doping—inserting genetic material into an athlete—has the potential to increase athletic performance, although most sports decision-makers consider this a form of cheating: and one which cannot, at present, be tested for.

Reference Entry.  3849 words. 

Subjects: Sports and Outdoor Recreation

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