Reference Entry


Edited by John L. Esposito

in The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Published in print August 2004 | ISBN: 9780195125580
Published online November 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780199891207

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Acronym, meaning “hope,” for Afwaj al-Muqawamah al-Lubnaniyah (Lebanese Resistance Detachments). Populist Lebanese Shii political movement. Emerged in 1975 as a

Reference Entry.  130 words. 

Subjects: Islam ; Society and Culture

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