Reference Entry


Edited by Tom McArthur, Jacqueline Lam-McArthur and Lise Fontaine

in The Oxford Companion to the English Language

Second edition

Published in print May 2018 | ISBN: 9780199661282
Published online May 2018 | e-ISBN: 9780191744389

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In computer-mediated communication and text messaging, a small composite symbol, not unlike an icon, formed from punctuation symbols to express emotions. In English, emoticons are usually written horizontally at a right angle to the text : ) but in other cultures, a vertical orientation is used, e.g. Japanese kaomoji (^.^). The best-known emoticon is the ...

Reference Entry.  107 words. 

Subjects: History of English

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