Article

Cardia

Eugene N. Borza

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics


Published online December 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780199381135 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199381135.013.1367

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A Greek city on the western shore of the Thracian *Chersonesus (1) near the head of the gulf of Melas. The exact location is unknown owing to the absence of excavation in the area, but it is probably located on Cape Bakla, where early 20th-cent. maps indicate ruins. Founded by *Miletus and *Clazomenae in the late 7th cent. bce, Cardia received an influx of Athenian colonists led by the elder Miltiades (see miltiades), as the Athenians manifested a growing interest in the region. Recognizing Cardia's strategic position at the narrowest part of the peninsula, Miltiades strengthened its fortifications and built a wall across the neck of the isthmus. Miltiades’ successors abandoned the city to the Persians in 493, but by the mid-5th cent. it was restored to Athenian influence. An object of continuing struggle between Athens and the Thracians and later between Athens and Macedon, Cardia became allied with *Philip (1) II in 352/1 and was ruled by the tyrant Hecataeus during *Alexander (3) the Great's reign.

Article.  309 words. 

Subjects: Historical Geography

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