Article

Clodius Septimius Albinus, Decimus

Anthony R. Birley

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics


Published online March 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780199381135 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199381135.013.1689

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Clodius (RE 17) Septimius Albinus, Decimus, from *Hadrumetum (mod. Sousse) in Africa, won distinction as a legionary legate in Dacia in the 180s ce and was governor of Britain at the time of *Commodus' murder. He accepted the title of Caesar in return for supporting L. *Septimius Severus in spring 193, presumably assumed the name Septimius at this time and was regarded as junior colleague, while remaining in Britain. When Severus made his own son Caesar and renamed him M. *Aurelius Antoninus (1) in 195, after defeating C. *Pescennius Niger and the successful First Parthian War, Albinus’ position became untenable. He crossed to Gaul and proclaimed himself Augustus, making *Lugdunum (1) his headquarters but failing to win over the Rhine legions. He was defeated and killed at the battle of Lugdunum on 19 February 197.

Article.  210 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Roman History

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