Alan H. Griffiths

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

Published online December 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780199381135 | DOI:

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In mythology, (1) son of *Ares and Cyrene, barbarous king of the Thracian Cicones or Bistones; owner of a team of man-eating mares which were kept supplied with human victims by their groom. *Heracles fed the stable-lad, and in some versions the king himself, to the animals and drove them back to Greece as his eighth labour (Pind., fr. 169 Snell–Maehler), though not before the horses had killed Abderus, one of the hero's companions; the story provided a foundation-myth for the city of *Abdera. The king's punishment was depicted on the Archaic ‘throne’ at *Amyclae (Paus. 3. 18. 12) and on vases, including a fine cup by Psiax in St Petersburg.K. Schefold, Gods and Heroes in Late Archaic Greek Art 111 f.; J. Boardman, LIMC 5. 67–71, ‘Herakles’.(2), son of *Tydeus and Deipyle the daughter of *Adrastus (1); one of the chief Achaean warriors in the Trojan War and leader of a contingent of 80 ships from *Argos (1) and *Tiryns.

Article.  518 words. 

Subjects: Religion in the Ancient World

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