Article

Isidorus (2) Hispalensis, bishop of Seville

Ian Wood

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics


Published online March 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780199381135 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199381135.013.3340

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Isidore Isidorus (2) Hispalensis, bishop of Seville (c.600–36), came from a Roman family of considerable influence in Visigothic *Spain (see goths): his brother Leander was his predecessor at Seville (c.577–c.600). He is the author of numerous theological and historical works including a Chronica maiora, continuing the Chronicle of *Jerome, a Historia Gothorum, written in 624 and subsequently revised with additions on the *Vandals and Sueves, De natura rerum, and Quaestiones in Vetus Testamentum. He was also concerned greatly with linguistic issues, as in the Differentiae and the Synonyma, and above all in his final work, the incomplete Etymologiae, which was edited into twenty books by Braulio, bishop of Saragossa (631–51). This last encyclopaedic text dealt with the liberal arts, medicine, law, religion, language, human geography, nature, etc. It drew extensively on earlier writers, and, having an enormous circulation, was one of the main routes by which classical learning was transmitted to the Middle Ages.

Article.  217 words. 

Subjects: Early Christianity

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