Article

Antigonus (1) I, 'Monophthalmos' ('the one-eyed'), c. 382–301 BCE

Albert Brian Bosworth

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics


Published online December 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780199381135 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199381135.013.490

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Antigonus (1) I (c. 382–301 bce), ‘the One-eyed’ (Monophthalmos), Macedonian noble, was prominent under *Philip (1) II and governed Greater *Phrygia for *Alexander (3) the Great (334–323). Victorious in three battles over Persian refugees from *Issus (332), he remained unchallenged in his satrapy until he fell foul of the regent *Perdiccas (3) whom he denounced to *Antipater (1) in Macedon (322), unleashing the First Coalition War. For his services he was given command of the campaign against *Eumenes (3) and the remnants of the Perdiccan factions. In 319 he defeated both groups spectacularly, and Antipater's death, on the heels of his victories, encouraged him in his supremacist ambitions. He supported *Cassander against the regent *Polyperchon, and took the war against Eumenes (Polyperchon's appointee as royal general) into central Asia. The victory at Gabiene (316) gave him control of territory from the Hindu Kush to the Aegean, but his success brought immediate war with his erstwhile allies: Cassander, *Lysimachus and *Ptolemy (1) (315).

Article.  427 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Greek History

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