Pierre Briant

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

Published online December 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780199381135 | DOI:

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Aornos, a mighty ‘eagles' nest’ in the land of the Assacenae, located by Sir Aurel Stein at Pir Sar, beside a bend of the upper Indus on the border of Swat. Two great ridges, Pir-Sar and Una-Sar, converge at right angles; the ‘rock’ is Bar-sar ib Pir-Sar, cut off from the Una ridge by the Burimar ravine. The inhabitants of the surrounding towns (Massaga, Bazira, Ora) took refuge here. *Alexander (3) the Great took it by assault in spring 326 bce, though according to tradition the local *Heracles had failed to do so (Arr.

Article.  134 words. 

Subjects: Middle Eastern History

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