Valerius Maximus

George Clement Whittick and Barbara Levick

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Classics

Published online March 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780199381135 | DOI:

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Maximus Valerius, in *Tiberius' reign composed a handbook of illustrative examples of ‘memorable deeds and sayings’, Factorum ac dictorum memorabilium libri IX. He was a friend of a Sextus Pompeius whom, if he is correctly identified with the Sextus Pompeius who was consul in ce 14, he accompanied to his governorship in Asia (Val. Max. 2. 6. 8: ce 24/5?), composing his book after his return. It is dedicated to Tiberius, to whom constant flattery is addressed; and the violent denunciation of a conspirator usually identified with L. *Aelius Seianus (9. 10. Externa4) suggests, if this identification is correct, that it was published soon after his downfall in 31. The subject-matter has no clearly defined plan, but is divided under headings mostly moral or philosophical in character (e.g. Omens, Moderation, Gratitude, Chastity, Cruelty), usually illustrated by Roman (domestica) and foreign (externa) examples.

Article.  529 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Roman History

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