in Spinoza

Published in print May 2002 | ISBN: 9780192803160
Published online September 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191775758 | DOI:

Series: Very Short Introductions


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Spinoza believed that all things exist necessarily in thoroughgoing interdependence. This seems to leave the whole of morality in doubt. ‘Man’ considers what Spinoza's philosophy has to say about three important problems: the problem of mind and body, the problem of individual existence, and the problem of freedom. Spinoza hoped to reconcile the quest for happiness with the knowledge of God. For Spinoza, the mind and body are conceived as the same thing. All ideas exist in God, as modifications of his thinking. Some ideas also exist in the human mind. Spinoza says that our ideas exist in God in so far as he constitutes the human mind. This in so far as is a matter of degree.

Keywords: body; clear and distinct ideas; common notions; happiness; ideas; mind; sub specie aeternitatis

Chapter.  6006 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: 17th - 18th Century Philosophy

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