Journal Article

Cancer in Korean War Navy Technicians: Mortality Survey after 40 Years

Frank D. Groves, William F. Page, Gloria Gridley, Laure Lisimaque, Patricia A. Stewart, Robert E. Tarone, Mitchell H. Gail, John D. Boice and Gilbert W. Beebe

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 155, issue 9, pages 810-818
Published in print May 2002 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online May 2002 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/155.9.810
Cancer in Korean War Navy Technicians: Mortality Survey after 40 Years

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This study reports on over 40 years of mortality follow-up of 40,581 Navy veterans of the Korean War with potential exposure to high-intensity radar. The cohort death rates were compared with mortality rates for White US men using standardized mortality ratios, and the death rates for men in occupations considered a priori to have high radar exposure were compared with the rates for men in low-exposure occupations using Poisson regression. Deaths from all diseases and all cancers were significantly below expectation overall and for the 20,021 sailors with high radar exposure potential. There was no evidence of increased brain cancer in the entire cohort (standardized mortality ratio (SMR) = 0.9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.7, 1.1) or in high-exposure occupations (SMR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.5, 1.0). Testicular cancer deaths also occurred less frequently than expected in the entire cohort and high-exposure occupations. Death rates for several smoking-related diseases were significantly lower in the high-exposure occupations. Nonlymphocytic leukemia was significantly elevated among men in high-exposure occupations but in only one of the three high-exposure occupations, namely, electronics technicians in aviation squadrons (SMR = 2.2, 95% CI: 1.3, 3.7). Radar exposure had little effect on mortality in this cohort of US Navy veterans.

Keywords: leukemia; nonlymphocytic; acute; microwaves; mortality; neoplasms; veterans; BIRLS, Beneficiary Identification and Records Locator System; CI, confidence interval; ICD-8, International Classification of Diseases Eighth Revision; ICD-9, International Classification of Diseases Ninth Revision; ICDA-8, International Classification of Diseases Adapted for Use in the United States Eighth Revision; SIR, standardized incidence ratio; SMR, standardized mortality ratio

Journal Article.  5901 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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