Journal Article

Body Weight, Blood Pressure, and Mortality in a Cohort of Obese Patients

Ralf Bender, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Bernd Richter, Maximilian Spraul and Michael Berger

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 156, issue 3, pages 239-245
Published in print August 2002 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online August 2002 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwf015
Body Weight, Blood Pressure, and Mortality in a Cohort of Obese Patients

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The associations between body weight, raised blood pressure, and mortality remain controversial. The authors examined these relations by considering all degrees of obesity in the Düsseldorf Obesity Mortality Study (1961–1994). Among 6,193 obese German patients aged 18–75 years and having a body mass index (BMI) of ≥25 kg/m2, 1,059 deaths were observed after a median follow-up of 14.8 years. The entire cohort was grouped into quartiles according to BMI (25–<32, 32–<36, 36–<40, ≥40 kg/m2) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) (<140, 140–<160, 160–<180, ≥180 mmHg). Cox proportional hazards analyses were performed to adjust for age. For women, the mortality risk curves for the four BMI groups in relation to SBP were flat without crossing, whereas the risk curve for moderately obese men (BMI 25–<32 kg/m2) crossed the risk curves for the higher BMI groups. In the group of patients with very high blood pressure (SBP ≥ 180 mmHg), moderately obese subjects (BMI 25–<32 kg/m2) had a higher mortality risk for men when compared with the BMI group 32–<36 kg/m2 (hazard ratio =1.62, 95% confidence interval: 1.0, 2.7) but not for women (hazard ratio = 0.71, 95% confidence interval: 0.4, 1.2). These findings support previous observations that the risk of death is lower for hypertensive men in high compared with low BMI groups. Am J Epidemiol 2002;156:239–45.

Keywords: blood pressure; body mass index; cohort studies; hypertension; mortality; obesity; obesity, morbid; Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure.

Journal Article.  4533 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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