Journal Article

Association of Galactose-1-Phosphate Uridyltransferase Activity and <i>N314D</i> Genotype with the Risk of Ovarian Cancer

Marc T. Goodman, Anna H. Wu, Ko-Hui Tung, Katharine McDuffie, Daniel W. Cramer, Lynne R. Wilkens, Keith Terada, Juergen K. V. Reichardt and Won G. Ng

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 156, issue 8, pages 693-701
Published in print October 2002 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online October 2002 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwf104
Association of Galactose-1-Phosphate Uridyltransferase Activity and N314D Genotype with the Risk of Ovarian Cancer

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Deficiency in the galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) enzyme results in accumulation of galactose and its metabolites in the ovary (Am J Epidemiol 1989;130:904–10). Galactose may raise gonadotropin levels, resulting in proliferation of ovarian epithelium. In 1993–1999, the authors conducted a population-based case-control study of ovarian cancer in Hawaii and Los Angeles, California, to examine the hypothesis that reduced GALT activity is associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer. A total of 239 ovarian cancer cases and 244 population controls were interviewed. A blood sample was collected to measure levels of GALT and to assay for the N314D (A940G) polymorphism of the GALT gene. Covariate-adjusted mean GALT activity was similar between cases (23.8 µmol per hour/g hemoglobin (Hb)) and controls (23.7 µmol per hour/g Hb) (p = 0.83). No evidence was found for a dose-response relation between the odds ratios for ovarian cancer and GALT activity or the ratio of lactose intake to GALT activity. The risk associated with the presence of at least one variant Asp314 allele was 0.77 (95% confidence interval: 0.42, 1.41). This study did not support the hypothesis that reduced galactose metabolism is a risk factor for ovarian cancer, although increased GALT activity attenuated the inverse association of oral contraceptive pill use with risk.

Keywords: case-control studies; diet; galactose; lactose; lactose intolerance; milk; ovarian neoplasms; uridine diphosphate galactose; Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; GALT, galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase, Hb, hemoglobin.

Journal Article.  6274 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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