Journal Article

Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Hispanics and Non-Hispanic Whites

Carolyn J. Swenson, Mary Jo Trepka, Marian J. Rewers, Sharon Scarbro, William R. Hiatt and Richard F. Hamman

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 156, issue 10, pages 919-928
Published in print November 2002 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online November 2002 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwf140
Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Hispanics and Non-Hispanic Whites

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Public Health and Epidemiology

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Despite a worse cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profile, Hispanics have lower CVD mortality than non-Hispanic Whites in studies based on death certificates. This study examined 310 deaths that occurred between 1984 and 1998 among 1,862 Hispanic and non-Hispanic White participants in the San Luis Valley Diabetes Study, using medical records to classify cause of death. Among persons without diabetes, the age-adjusted all-cause mortality rate was 6.1/1,000 person-years in non-Hispanic Whites and 7.4/1,000 person-years in Hispanics. Among persons with diabetes, it was 24.3/1,000 person-years in non-Hispanic Whites and 21.9/1,000 person-years in Hispanics. Among nondiabetics, the age-adjusted CVD mortality rate was 2.5/1,000 person-years in non-Hispanic Whites and 1.6/1,000 person-years in Hispanics. Among diabetics, it was 12.9/1,000 person-years in non-Hispanic Whites and 8.8/1,000 person-years in Hispanics. Among nondiabetics, the adjusted hazard ratio for CVD death in Hispanics compared with non-Hispanic Whites was 0.65 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.34, 1.23). The hazard ratio for coronary heart disease death was 0.95 (95% CI: 0.35, 2.59). Among diabetics, the hazard ratio for CVD death, after adjustment for conventional and diabetes risk factors, was 0.44 (95% CI: 0.26, 0.74), and for coronary heart disease death it was 0.43 (95% CI: 0.21, 0.91). A statistically significant decreased risk of CVD death was observed only in male Hispanics with diabetes. Competing mortality or factors that interact with diabetes may explain these differences.

Keywords: cardiovascular diseases; diabetes mellitus; Hispanic Americans; mortality; risk factors; Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; HDL, high density lipoprotein; ICD-9-CM, International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification; LDL, low density lipoprotein.

Journal Article.  5593 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.