Journal Article

Trends in Enteric Disease as a Cause of Death in the United States, 1989–1996

Christina A. Peterson and Rebecca L. Calderon

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 157, issue 1, pages 58-65
Published in print January 2003 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online January 2003 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI:
Trends in Enteric Disease as a Cause of Death in the United States, 1989–1996

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The authors examined rates of and trends in enteric disease as a cause of death in the United States. The National Center for Health Statistics Multiple Cause of Death databases for 1989–1996 were analyzed for International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, codes for gastroenteritis due to infectious agents and codes describing illness with other enteric pathogens. The highest rates of death related to enteric diseases were seen among people older than 75 years, followed by children under 1 year of age. Rates increased markedly over time in the 65- to 74-year age group for bacterial enteric pathogens and in the 35- to 44-year age group for viral enteric pathogens. Enteric diseases were the underlying cause of death for an average of 2,740 deaths during each year of this study, and the rate of death due to enteric-related disease is increasing.

Keywords: gastroenteritis; intestinal diseases; mortality; Abbreviations: AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; CI, confidence interval; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus; ICD-9, International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision; MCD, multiple cause of death; RR, relative risk.

Journal Article.  4765 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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