Journal Article

Severity Factors for Truck Drivers’ Injuries

Barbara Charbotel, Jean-Louis Martin, Blandine Gadegbeku and Mireille Chiron

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 158, issue 8, pages 753-759
Published in print October 2003 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online October 2003 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwg200
Severity Factors for Truck Drivers’ Injuries

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A study was carried out in 1995–1999 to assess severity factors for truck drivers’ crashes. The authors used data from the trauma registry of road crash victims of the Rhône region, France. Several descriptive characteristics of the victims (age, place of residence) and their crashes (place, time, antagonist, seatbelt wearing) were analyzed. The injuries of 300 male truck drivers were described by body region, and their severity was measured by using the injury severity score comparing these drivers with 9,488 male car drivers (age: 18–67 years). Truck drivers were more seriously injured than car drivers; the odds ratio was 1.87 (95% confidence interval: 1.33, 2.63) for having an injury severity score of 9 or more. Limb and abdominal lesions were more frequent and more serious among truck drivers. The lack of seatbelt wearing by truck drivers was one of the factors that explained the particular severity of their injuries; the odds ratio, adjusted for seatbelt wearing, for truck drivers to be seriously injured was 1.04 (95% confidence interval: 0.73, 1.47) compared with car drivers. When all of the severity factors were taken into account, the risk was even lower, but not significantly so.

Keywords: accidents; injury severity score; risk factors; seat belts; Abbreviations: AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; ISS, injury severity score.

Journal Article.  5400 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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