Journal Article

Contribution of Socioeconomic Status to the Association between Hostility and Cardiovascular Risk Behaviors: A Prospective Cohort Study

Laura Pulkki, Mika Kivimäki, Marko Elovainio, Jorma Viikari and Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 158, issue 8, pages 736-742
Published in print October 2003 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online October 2003 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwg204
Contribution of Socioeconomic Status to the Association between Hostility and Cardiovascular Risk Behaviors: A Prospective Cohort Study

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The authors examined the contribution of childhood and early adulthood socioeconomic status (SES) to the association between adulthood cynical hostility and cardiovascular risk behaviors. Participants from the population-based, prospective Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study were 531 males and 688 females, aged 12–21 years at the baseline in 1983 and 21–30 years at the follow-up in 1992. Cardiovascular risk behaviors comprised the number of cigarettes smoked per day, physical inactivity, the type of fat used in the diet, and the frequency of alcohol consumption. The general linear models showed socioeconomic variation in cynical hostility, butter use in the diet, and smoking. In regression analyses, hostility was positively associated with smoking in men and women (β coefficients = 0.16 and 0.09; p values = 0.000 and 0.019, respectively) and with frequency of alcohol use (β coefficients = 0.10 and 0.03; p values = 0.024 and 0.03, respectively). Adding parents’ and participants’ SES to the model marginally attenuated these associations. The authors conclude that the association of cynical hostility with smoking and alcohol use seems to be independent of intergenerational social mobility and childhood and adulthood SES.

Keywords: cardiovascular system; hostility; risk; social class; social mobility; Abbreviation: SES, socioeconomic status.

Journal Article.  4530 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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