Journal Article

Relation between Maternal Recreational Physical Activity and Plasma Lipids in Early Pregnancy

Carole L. Butler, Michelle A. Williams, Tanya K. Sorensen, Ihunnaya O. Frederick and Wendy M. Leisenring

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 160, issue 4, pages 350-359
Published in print August 2004 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online August 2004 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI:
Relation between Maternal Recreational Physical Activity and Plasma Lipids in Early Pregnancy

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The authors examined the relation between recreational physical activity and plasma lipid concentrations in early pregnancy. Between 1996 and 2000, 925 normotensive, nondiabetic pregnant women in Washington State were interviewed at approximately 13 weeks’ gestation regarding type, frequency, and duration of physical activity during the previous 7 days. Plasma triglyceride, total cholesterol, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations were measured in contemporaneous blood samples. After adjustment, mean triglyceride concentration was 12.7 mg/dl lower in women performing any physical activity versus none (95% confidence interval (CI): –22.7, –2.6). Mean triglyceride concentration was lower in women in the highest tertiles of time performing physical activity (–23.6 mg/dl, 95% CI: –34.9, –12.2), energy expenditure (–23.6 mg/dl, 95% CI: –35.1, –12.2), and peak intensity (–18.1 mg/dl, 95% CI: –29.5, –6.8) versus inactive women. Reductions in mean total cholesterol were also observed for women with the highest levels of time performing physical activity, energy expenditure, and peak intensity. Linear relations were observed across levels of physical activity measures for triglyceride and total cholesterol. No association was found between physical activity and high density lipoprotein cholesterol. These data suggest that habitual physical activity may attenuate pregnancy-associated dyslipidemia.

Keywords: hyperlipidemia; hypertriglyceridemia; leisure activities; pregnancy; Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; HDL, high density lipoprotein; MET, metabolic equivalent.

Journal Article.  6357 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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