Journal Article

<i>CYP1A1</i>, Cigarette Smoking, and Colon and Rectal Cancer

Martha L. Slattery, W. Samowtiz, K. Ma, M. Murtaugh, C. Sweeney, T. R. Levin and S. Neuhausen

in American Journal of Epidemiology

Published on behalf of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Volume 160, issue 9, pages 842-852
Published in print November 2004 | ISSN: 0002-9262
Published online November 2004 | e-ISSN: 1476-6256 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwh298
CYP1A1, Cigarette Smoking, and Colon and Rectal Cancer

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Cytochrome P-450 (CYP) is involved in the activation and metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in tobacco products. The authors evaluated the association of two polymorphisms in the CYP1A1 gene—the noncoding Msp I polymorphism in the 3′-untranslated region and the Ile462Val polymorphism in exon 7—with colon and rectal cancer. The authors used data from two incident case-control studies of colon cancer (1,026 cases and 1,185 controls) and rectal cancer (820 cases and 1,036 controls) conducted in California and Utah (1991–2002). CYP1A1 genotype was not associated with colon or rectal cancer. Having GSTM1 present, a CYP1A1 variant allele, and the rapid-acetylator NAT2 imputed phenotype was associated with increased risk of colon cancer (odds ratio = 1.7, 95% confidence interval: 1.2, 2.3). Among men, the greatest colon cancer risk was observed for having any CYP1A1 variant allele and currently smoking (odds ratio = 2.5, 95% confidence interval: 1.3, 4.8; Wald χ2 test: p < 0.01). Assessment of GSTM1 and CYP1A1 and rectal cancer in men showed a twofold elevation in risk for more than 20 pack-years of smoking, except among those with GSTM1 present who had a variant CYP1A1 allele. These data support the association between smoking and colon and rectal cancer. Smoking may have a greater impact on colorectal cancer risk based on CYP1A1 genotype; this might further be modified by GSTM1 for rectal cancer risk.

Keywords: arylamine N-acetyltransferase; colorectal neoplasms; cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1; GSTM1 protein; smoking; tobacco; Abbreviations: CYP, cytochrome P-450; GST, glutathione S-transferase; NAT, N-acetyltransferase; PCR, polymerase chain reaction.

Journal Article.  6941 words. 

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology

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